OPTIONAL SUBJECTS

Candidates have to choose one optional for the mains exam. The optional subject has two papers and each paper accounts for 250 marks. Candidates can …

General Studies Paper IV: Ethics, Integrity and …
General Studies Paper-II: Governance, Constit…
General Studies Paper-I: Indian Heritage and …
General Studies Paper-III: Technology, Econo…

UPSC Statistics optional subject syllabus

UPSC Optional Syllabus for Statistics- Paper I  Probability: Sample space and events, probability measure and probability space, random variable as a measurable function, distribution function of a random variable, discrete and continuous-type random variable, probability mass function, probability density function, vector-valued random variable, marginal and conditional distributions, stochastic independence of events and of random variables, expectation and …

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UPSC Zoology optional subject syllabus

UPSC Optional Syllabus for Zoology – Paper I  1. Non-Chordata and Chordata (a) Classification and relationship of various phyla up to subclasses: Acoelomate and Coelomate, Protostomes and Deuterostomes, Bilateria and Radiata; Status of Protista, Parazoa, Onychophora and Hemichordata; Symmetry. (b) Protozoa: Locomotion, nutrition, reproduction, sex; General features and life history of Paramaecium, Monocystis, Plasmodium and Leishmania. (c) Porifera: Skeleton, …

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UPSC Public Administration optional subject syllabus

UPSC Optional Paper Syllabus for Public Administration – Paper I (Administrative Theory) Introduction : Meaning, scope, and significance of Public Administration,  Wilson’s vision of Public Administration, Evolution of the discipline and its present status.  New Public Administration,  Public Choice approach;  Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation;  Good Governance: concept and application;  New Public Management. Administrative Thought …

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UPSC Sociology optional subject syllabus

UPSC Optional Paper Syllabus for Sociology – Paper I (Fundamentals of Sociology) Sociology – The Discipline Modernity and social changes in Europe and the emergence of sociology. Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences. Sociology and common sense. Sociology as Science: Science, scientific method and critique. Major theoretical strands of research methodology. …

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UPSC Psychology optional subject syllabus

UPSC Optional Paper Syllabus for Psychology – Paper I (Foundations of Psychology) Introduction: Definition of Psychology;  Historical antecedents of Psychology and trends in the 21st century;  Psychology and scientific methods;  Psychology in relation to other social sciences and natural sciences;  Application of Psychology to societal problems. Methods of Psychology: Types of research: Descriptive, evaluative, diagnostic and prognostic;  …

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UPSC optional subject political science and international relations syllabus

UPSC Optional Paper Syllabus for Political Science– Paper I (Political Theory and Indian Politics) Political Science and International Relations syllabus majorly covers topics related to the Constitution of India, social justice, international organizations, the international economic system and trade, India’s foreign policy, and peacekeeping among others.  A. Political Theory and Thinkers Political theory  Meaning, Definition, and …

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UPSC Physics Optional Syllabus:

UPSC Optional Syllabus for Physics- Paper I  Section A Classical Mechanics: 1.1. Particle dynamics: Centre of mass and laboratory coordinates, conservation of linear and angular momentum.  The rocket equation.  Rutherford scattering, Galilean transformation, inertial and non-inertial frames, rotating frames, centrifugal and Coriolis forces, Foucault pendulum. 1.2. System of particles:  Constraints, degrees of freedom, generalised coordinates …

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UPSC Philosophy Optional Syllabus

UPSC Optional Paper Syllabus for Philosophy- Paper I (History and Problems of Philosophy) Plato and Aristotle:  Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.   Analysis: Plato as a Perfect Greek, What are the Ideas? Realism of Ideas, Characteristics of Ideas, Pyramidical System of Ideas, Example of cave, Plato’s Epistemology as Criticism of Sophists, Example of Vertical Line, …

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UPSC Medical Science Optional Syllabus

UPSC Optional Syllabus for Medical Science- Paper I  Human Anatomy: Applied anatomy including blood and nerve supply of upper and lower limbs and joints of shoulder, hip and knee. Gross anatomy, blood supply and lymphatic drainage of tongue, thyroid, mammary gland, stomach, liver, prostate, gonads and uterus Applied anatomy of diaphragm, perineum and inguinal region. …

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mechanical engineering optional UPSC

UPSC Mains Mechanical Engineering Syllabus PAPER – I Mechanics: 1.1 Mechanics of rigid bodies: Equations of equilibrium in space and its application; first and second moments of area; simple problems on friction; kinematics of particles for plane motion; elementary particle dynamics. 1.2 Mechanics of deformable bodies: Generalized Hooke’s law and its application; design problems on axial stress, …

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